Culm crushers and grinding stones in the Barrow Valley and Castlecomer Plateau (1990)

Grinding Stones

Author : Michael J. Conry
Description : Small booklet published in 1990, consisting of 28 pages, contains a map showing the distribution of the grinding stones, which tempered slack from the Castlecomer coalmines and yellow clay for the use as a domestic fuel. It also described the state ...
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Culm Crushers (1999)

Culm Crushers

Author : Michael J. Conry
Description : This book describes the history and folklore of edge-runner grinding stones, which were used mainly to mix culm (anthracite slack), sticky yellow clay and water so that the culm could be made into culm balls and burned in a 'raised hearth' (grate) as......
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The Carlow Fence (2000)

The Carlow Fence

Author : Michael J. Conry
Description : This simple Quaker-style granite fence is a unique feature of the Carlow landscape - found nowhere else in the World. It was erected mainly as a decorative fence around gardens and between fields. It addition to describing the method of cleaving...
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Dancing the Culm (2001)

Dancing the Culm

Author : Michael J. Conry
Description : Culm, the fine gritty and dusty by-product of anthracite mining, was used as a domestic and industrial fuel for almost 400 years in Ireland, and for even longer in other parts of the world. It was burned as a domestic fuel chiefly in the regions...
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Corn Stacks on Stilts (2004)

Corn Stacks on Stilts

Author : Michael J. Conry
Description : The use of corn stands in Ireland in the 18th, 19th and first half of the 20th centuries was closely linked with the arrival of the brown rat (Rattus norvegicus) in 1722. The rat caused massive damage to stacks of corn that were kept over for the spring threshing....
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Carlow Granite: Years of History Written in Stone (2006)

Carlow Granite: Years of History Written in Stone

Author : Michael J. Conry
Description : With almost 70% of the country underlain by granite bedrock, it is not surprising that granite has made a huge contribution to the geology, landscape and agriculture of Co. Carlow. It has shaped the very lives of the people who inhabited the country...
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Picking Bilberries, Fraocháns and Whorts in Ireland.
The Human Story (2011)

Corn Stacks on Stilts

Author : Michael J. Conry
Description : This book outlines the history of picking bilberries (Vaccinium myrtillus) in Ireland from pre-Chrisitian times to the present day and the impact it made on the lives of people, especially in the areas where they were picked for export to Britain...
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Animal-Powered Churning Gears on the Castlecomer Plateau and Elsewhere in Ireland – Type and Density (2014)

Animal-Powered Churning Gears on the Castlecomer Plateau and Elsewhere in Ireland

Author : Michael J. Conry
Description : This book describes the two types of animal-powered churning machines used to churn butter on the Castlecomer Plateau and their significantly higher density compared to the surrounding lowlands. It also describes an interesting manually-operated churning device discovered on the plateau.
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The Rabbit Industry in Ireland (2016)
20th Century Snapshots

The Rabbit Industry in Ireland

Author : Michael J. Conry
Description : This book outlines the history of the rabbit industry in Ireland, especially in the first half of the 20th century (and later) and the impact it made on the people involved.
In Ireland, the rabbit was an important source of meat for hundreds of thousands of Irish families throughout the 19th and first half of the 20th centuries. At the same time it was an unmitigated pest of immense proportions on the farming community.
The rabbit was unique among small mammals as they formed the basis of an important industry in the 20th century. The introduction of the myxomatosis disease in 1954 decimated the industry creating havoc in all sectors of the business.
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